GET ON THE FREE LIVE ‘PLANTED TANK 101’ WEBINAR & GET A 50% OFF COUPON!
GET A BADASS TANK!
Top Ten Tips! https://goo.gl/bRejwRtop-10-tips/
Digging a deep gold fish garden pond for Steve. How to build a garden pond.Part one.
Step two of how to make Steve’s Sweet Garden pond. Goldfish pond digging…
Steve’s garden pond up date. Garden Pond water fall
Final Update of the year. Steves pond is finished!
How to plant aquarium plants in your back garden pond. This is how I plant my penny wart and aquarium plants in the back garden pond
Click here to subscribe for more great videos every week !
Support your boy! Check out my Aquarium Plants and Aquarium Stuff for sale! https://goo.gl/Bmmm4G
Want more Dustin? https://goo.gl/gkDOxP
Free Top 10 Planted Tank Secrets on website: http://www.dustinsfishtanks.com
Fish Tank People Social Community http://fishtanktv.com/
shiny star leaf fringed weirdly in tarry moongate
The shiny star leaf being stranded fringed weirdly in a moongate gravitating sun-side down earth↓wards exhibiting her flashed, chthonotrope, fawnbeige moon-side, fringed by rippling rickrack purlieus; subfusc harbinger of the non-trivial Hecate-Day, the Blue June Moon on June 30th, 2007 [GMT], transformed by wintertimes into a moonscaped, tellurian-coloured ghost; serendipitously cultivated undulant, darkly leaf rings all around, a mystique caused by the processes of becoming embedded into & trying to escape from her marblelike, hygrophilous tar-yard.
─► Elucidated as a figuration: Mystical avatars agonize each other. Metamorphosed into hellenic myth: Persephone struggles to elude from the ineluctable gate of Hades.
─► The litter ‘moonlanded’ in a black asphalt moon-gate that contains an area of 3,141 m² . Therefore you can call it a π-gate. It belongs to a landscaped pedestrian precinct and is the left part of a twin-moon∩gates-ensemble, i.e. tar-black asphalt-circles lined up two abreast in lane 3 of the running track that extends on two long sides of the Eastgate in Marzahn.
This moon-gate is the most western of the 11 (∑=2+3+2+2+2=4+4+3) totally black circular tar bubbles. These special eleven fields do not contain – like those other 26 surrounding the building – white alphanumeric signs, but these are void and black like gravel-free tar. [_pearl of civilization, 16 Dec 2007_]
─► Apocryphal 9/11-Speculation: The star leaf was found in the eleventh π-gate (The number 11 in Greek Numerals : acrophonic: ΔΙ ; alphabetical: ιαʹ). Might the ‘twin moon∩gates’ represent the ‘twin towers’? Are the eleven tar-filled circles esoteric mourning memorials for 9/11?
─► Another question: How did the puzzling sedimentation-like black halo come about? – Most likely: The thin film of water on the hygrophilous tar evaporated quickly and left the fringe pattern. Less likely: Melted, gravel-free tar as a kind of sealing wax. Chromatographicly. Osmoticly. Silver Thaw.
▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼
► PHYSICS ◄─
○ Chromatography the collective term for a family of laboratory techniques for the separation of mixtures. It involves passing a mixture dissolved in a "mobile phase" through a stationary phase, which separates the analyte to be measured from other molecules in the mixture and allows it to be isolated.
○ Osmosis The tendency in fluids to mix, or become equably diffused, when in contact. It was first observed between fluids of differing densities, and as taking place through a membrane or an intervening porous structure.
sediment [mass noun] matter that settles to the bottom of a liquid; dregs
○ sedimentation coeffizient (also sedimentation constant) Biochemistry a quantity related to the size of a microscopic particle, equal to the terminal outward velocity of the particle when centrifuged in a fluid medium divided by the centrifugal force acting on it, expressed in units of time [New Oxford Dictionary of Englisch, p.1681, 1998, reissued 2001]
○ Emergence "…out of a multiplicity of relatively simple interactions… is central to the physics of complex systems … Emergent structures are patterns not created by a single event or rule"
○ Complex Systems From Sync by Steven Strogatz: "Every decade or so, a grandiose theory comes along, bearing similar aspirations and often brandishing an ominous-sounding C-name. In the 1960s it was cybernetics. In the ’70s it was catastrophe theory. Then came chaos theory in the ’80s and complexity theory in the ’90s."
○ fractal five-edged-star
○ mandala (Sanskrit maṇḍala "circle", "completion") has in practice become a generic term for any plan, chart or geometric pattern that represents the cosmos metaphysically or symbolically, a microcosm of the universe from the human perspective … The Psychoanalyst Carl Jung saw the mandala as "a representation of the unconscious self," and believed his paintings of mandalas enabled him to identify emotional disorders and work towards wholeness in personality.
○ avatar (sanskrit ‘avatara’=descent, from ‘ava’=down and ‘tar’=passing over) a manifestation of a deity or released soul in bodily form on earth; an incarnate divine teacher. Computing: movable icon representing a person.
─► EASTGATE ◄─
□ UK: Gateshead,Hornsea,Louth,Derby,Leeds,Accrington (─►Google Earth)
□ US: FL,WA,TX (─►Google Earth)
□ Shopping Centers named Eastgate Inverness, Basildon, Berlin, Harare etc.
─► AUTUMN LEAVES ◄─
Herbstlaub, Laub, hojas del otoño (254), осенние листья, feuilles d’automne(4) ,أوراق الخريف (ar.), 秋は去る (jp.=4),
秋叶(ch.simplified=100), 秋葉 (ch.traditional =300), fogli di autunno (4)
○ litter material forming a bedding or carpet (also leaf litter) decomposing but recognizable leaves and other debris forming a layer on top of the soil, especially in forests (NODE p1078)
─► WHY LEAVES CHANGE COLOR AND FALL ◄─
Four leaf pigments are responsible for leaf color: chlorophylls, carotenoids, tannins, and anthocyanins.
Why do leaves fall? Shorter days and cooler temperatures signal leaf senescence in which an increase in the enzymes that promote the breakdown of cells occurs. The veins that carry fluids into and out of the leaf gradually close off as a layer of cells (abscission layer) forms at the base of each leaf petiole where it is attached to the twig. These clogged veins trap sugars in the leaf and promote production of anthocyanins. Once the separation layer is complete and the connecting tissues are sealed off, the leaf is ready to fall.
▐►LYRICS about moons & autumn-leaves)◄▌
○ the man in the moon is a lady
a lady with lipstick and curls
the cow who jumped over
cried jumping jehovah
i think it’s just one of the girls!
her friends are the stars and the planets
she throws the big dipper a kiss
so don’t ever offend her,
remember her gender
the man in the moon is a miss.
○ Der Fischer / The Fisherman (Johann Wolfgang von Goethe 1808
translated to English by Emily Ezust)
○ Autumn-Leaves by Johnny Mercer
○ Les feuilles mortes by Jacques Prévert
─► SWEETGUM ◄─ [_Liquidambar styraciflua_]
□ Liquidambar email@example.com: the star-shaped leaves have a pleasant, sweet fragrance when crushed … Molecular studies have shown that Liquidambar isn’t closely related to Hamamelis and is better placed in the Altingiaceae instead of the Hamamelidaceae
□ Amerikanischer Amberbaum In the german language this deciduous tree is called Amerikanischer Amberbaum and belongs to the family of the Zaubernußgewächse
□ tree for Michigan’s lower peninsula
□ The Redgum (also called sweetgum, sapgum, starleaf-gum or bilsted) from the witch-hazel family (Liquidambar styraciflua / Hamamelidaceae) is a tree from North America that hit Europe for the first time in 1681:
The leaves are palmately lobed, 7-19 cm (rarely to 25 cm) long and broad and with a 6-10 cm petiole, looking somewhat similar to those of some maples. They have five sharply pointed lobes, but are easily distinguished from maples in being arranged alternately, not in opposite pairs.
The gum resin, also known as liquid amber or copalm balsam, yielded by this tree has no special medicinal virtues, being inferior in therapeutic properties to many others of its class. It is a kind of native balsam, or resin, like turpentine. It may be clear, reddish or yellow, with a pleasant smell like ambergris. As it grows older, it hardens into a solid form, which historically was shipped to other countries in barrels. It was reputed an excellent balsam for mollifying and consolidating, and good against sciatica, weakness of the nerves, etc. Mixed with tobacco, the gum was once used for smoking at the court of the Mexican emperors. It was long used in France as a perfume for gloves and other such items. It is mainly produced in Mexico, little being obtained from trees growing in higher latitudes of North America, or in England.
An American Sweetgum will be featured as part of the Memorial Grove at the World Trade Center Memorial, with installation set for fall 2008 and spring 2009.
─► MOON ◄─
lt.,es.,it. luna (fem.) | ru. луна | pt. lua | fr. lune
gr. σελήνη, φεγγάρι –> πανσέληνος –
nl. maan | nw. Måne | de. der Mond (masc.)
ch. 月亮 | jp. 月 | ko. 달 | ar. القمر
MOONING the act of displaying one’s bare buttocks by removing clothing. Mooning is used in some cultures to express protest, scorn, disrespect or provocation but can simply be done for shock value or fun.
Moon has been a common shape-metaphor for the buttocks in English since 1743, and the verb to moon has meant ‘to expose to (moon)light’ since 1601, long before they were combined in US student slang in the verb(al expression) mooning "to flash the buttocks" in 1968. Formerly, mooning was slang for "wandering idly" and "romantically pining".
─► MOON’s TRUE COLOUR ◄─
○ blue-grey | golden-beige | fine-brush-gold
○ beige: of a pale sandy fawn colour – ORIGIN: mid 19th (denoting a usually undyed and unbleached woollen fabric of this colour): from French, of unknown ultimate origin [NODE p.158]
○ fawn 1. young deer 2. a light yellowish-brown colour
○ tellurian-coloured is the only true color of planet earth (myth. fair ‘mother’ Demeter) and her satellite moon (myth. darkly-blue ‘daughter’ Persephone), the colour of the ○ tohubohu
The true colour of primeval animals in the earth history, e.g. Mosquitos, is tellurian, too.
"Except for small outcrops of rock on Earth, the whole surface of the moon is older than the oldest parts of the Earth’s surface." (Richard Teske)
Watch for second full moon in June (June 30,1996)
"When it is highest in the sky, the full moon looks brilliant and has an undoubted yellow-white color," Teske says. "Yet the moon is a very poor reflector of sunlight, with about the reflecting power of an asphalt parking lot. Its brilliance and apparent yellow-white color in the night sky are an illusion caused by dark adaptation of one’s eyes, together with the fact that the black sky provides no background illumination for comparison. Astronauts who have circled the moon and walked on its surface report it is almost colorless. Some describe the color as a dull grey; others say it is a dull grey-tan." (Astronomer Richard Teske)
○ darkly 1. in a threatening, mysterious or slightly ominous way; in a depressing or pessimistic way: I wondered darkly if I was wasting time 2 with a dark colour: a figure silhouetted darkly against the trees NODE p.467
○ subfusc Dark or dull in color; drab, dusky. lt. fuscus=kyanos like Poseidon–> fuscina=trident of Poseidon-Neptune. The tea-cosy, property of one Edmund Gravel — "known as the Recluse of Lower Spigot to everybody there and elsewhere," as the book’s first page informs us — is haunted by a six-legged emcee for various "subfusc but transparent" ghosts.
— Emily Gordon, "The Doubtful Host", Newsday, November 8, 1998
○ chthonotrope = tellurian-coloured. antonymous to heliotrope [mass noun] a light purple colour, similar to that typical of heliotrope flowers [NODE p.852]
→ heliotrope [noun] a plant of the borage family (genus: Heliotropium, family: Boraginanaceae), cultivated for its fragrant purple or blue flowers which are used in perfume.
heliotropism the directional growth of a plant in response to sunlight. Compare with Phototropism. Derivates: heliotropic
phototropism the orientation of a plant or other organism in response to light (positive phototropism) or away from it (negative phototropism). Compare with Phototaxis.
Photosynthesis the process by which green plants and some other organisms use sunlight to synthesize foods from carbon dioxide and water. Photosynthesis involves the green pigment chlorophyll and generates oxygen as a by-product.
☼ There are many False Colour Moons. By means of stretching the saturation in Photoshop you can easily achieve the ‘Green Moon of Alabama‘ or a Moon Blue.
◙ Earth in True Color © NASA Here are the true colors of planet Earth. Blue oceans dominate our world, while areas of green forest, brown mountains, tan desert, and white ice are also prominent. Oceans appear blue not only because water itself is blue but also because seawater frequently scatters light from a blue sky. Forests appear green because they contain chlorophyll, a pigment that preferentially absorbs red light. The above image is a composite generated predominantly with data from Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS), an instrument mounted on the Terra satellite that has orbited Earth since 1999 December.
◙ Full Moon by High Dynamic Range Image [HDRI] –> 200.000 :1; Exposure: 1/50 sec; Aperture: f/4.9; Focal Length: 46 mm; ISO Speed: 100
◙ Full Moon in True Color Exposure: 1/320 sec; Aperture: f/3.5
Focal Length: 72 mm; Digital Zoom: x2 © hkhoodoo
◙ Full Moon (yellowish long-term exposure) © stitch witch
◙ 279/365: Hello Earth (Kate Bush Lyrics) © practicalowl
◙ "Somewhere out there" (May 16th 07) (moon, reflected moonlight on waves, stars) © Aussie Julie (aka Julie Holland)
○ ○ tellurian formal or poetic/literary adjective – of or inhabiting the earth Origin: mid 19th
○ ○ telluric adjective – of the earth as a planet ■ of the soil Origin: mid 19th —> telluric acide
○ ○ ○ Tellurium the chemical element of atomic number 52, a brittle, shiny, silvery-white semimetal resembling selenium and occurring mainly in small amounts in metallic sulphide ores. (Symbol: Te.) Origin: Early 19th from lt. tellûs,ûris n. (soil), probably named in contrast to Uranium. [NODE p.1907]
─► MOONS & JUNES ◄─
"’All hands on deck, we’ve run afloat!’ ……
Now many moons and many Junes have passed since we made land."
(A Salty Dog, © 1968 Procol Harum)
Moons and Junes and Ferris wheels
The dizzy dancing way you feel
As ev’ry fairy tale comes real
I’ve looked at love that way
(Both Sides, Now, © 1969 Joni Mitchell)
► BLUE MOONS
○ lt. metiri ‘to measure’ (the moon being used to measure time)
○ lunar: day (24 h 50 m -> ‘MeridianCrossings’), month (29½ d), year (~ 354 d)
□ of or employing a calendar year divided according to the phases of the moon,
but adjusted in average length to fit the length of the solar cycle
□ of or denoting a 532-year period over which both the lunar months and the days of the week return to the same point in relation to the solar year Origin: late 17th
○ lunar cycle another term for metonic cycle
○ Blue Moon [scienceworld.wolfram]
When two full moons occur in any calendar month, the second is called a blue moon. The term (in its modern usage) therefore has nothing to do with the Moon’s actually color. A blue moon occurs about once in 2.5 years on average. A blue moon can occur in January and the following March if there is no full moon at all in February, as is the case in the years 1999, 2018, and 2037.
There are several other meanings ascribed to the term "blue moon" (the most common being "a very uncommon event"), but the one given here seems first to have appeared in The Maine Farmers’ Almanac of 1937. The phrase "blue moon" has been around for several hundred years, but its meaning has changed a few times. The earliest use of "blue moon" meant an obvious absurdity which everyone knew never happened. However, the moon does occasionally turn blue as a result of smoke from forest fires or particles from a volcanic eruption. Since these blue-looking moons were rare but did happen from time to time, the phrase "once in a blue moon" was coined, meaning that an event is unusual, but can happen occasionally (Kibbey). "Blue moon" has also been used as a symbol of sadness and loneliness. That appears to have a history of its own among musicians and songwriters (Kibbey).
○ Blue Moon I [en.wikipedia, Sept07]
is called the third full moon in a season with four full moons, as described in the Maine Farmer’s Almanac. Until recently it was commonly misunderstood that the second full moon in a month was the blue moon. However, it was recently discovered by Sky & Telescope Magazine and reported on NPR that the interpretation of a blue moon as the second full moon of the month was erroneously reported in an issue of Sky & Telescope dating back to 1946 and then perpetuated by other media.
○ Blue Moon II [en.wikipedia, Sept07]
Farmer’s Almanac blue moons
The older meaning of blue moon to name an extra full moon, as was used in the Maine Farmer’s Almanac, was the third full moon in a quarter of the year when there were four full moons – normally a quarter year has three full moons. The division of the year into quarters for this purpose has the dividing line set between March 21 and March 22. This has to do with the rule for setting the date for the Christian Holy Day of Easter, which depends on the last full moon – as calculated by the computus, a somewhat inaccurate formula – on or before the Equinox on March 21, which is also somewhat inaccurate.
This meaning of blue moon was lost when the editors of the original Farmer’s Almanac died. It was recovered only when researchers for Sky & Telescope magazine noticed that the Maine Farmer’s Almanac from 1829 to 1937 reported blue moons that did not fit the meaning of the term calendar blue moon.
Calendar Blue Moons
In recent times, people have taken to calling a full moon a blue moon based on the Gregorian calendar. By this use of the term, a blue moon is the second of two full moons to occur in the same calendar month. This definition of blue moon originated from a mistake in an article in the March 1946 Sky & Telescope magazine, which failed in an attempt to infer the earlier definition used in the original Farmer’s Almanac (see above). It was helped to popularity when Deborah Byrd of Earth & Sky walked into the Peridier astronomy library at the University of Texas at Austin one day, leafed through some old magazines, and found the 1946 blue moon article in Sky & Telescope. She used the definition – the second full moon in a single month – in the radio series Star Date for some years. As a result, the game Trivial Pursuit used a question and answer about blue moon. Sky & Telescope discovered the error nearly sixty years later and the magazine printed a retraction and correction. By the time the correction came the calendar definition had already come into common use. As it is easier to understand, the mistaken calendar-based meaning has stuck.
Calendar blue moons occur infrequently, and the saying once in a blue moon is used to describe a rare event. However, they are inevitable because of the mis-match between the solar and lunar cycles. Each calendar year contains twelve full lunar cycles, plus about eleven days to spare. The extra days accumulate, so that while most years contain twelve full moons to match the twelve months, every two or three years there is a year with thirteen full moons. On average, this happens once every 2.72 years. Additionally, in some years there is no full moon in February at all, since February is slightly shorter than the time from one full moon to the next. This condition, known as black moon, gives additional ‘blue’ moons in the preceding and following months (namely January and March). The last time this occurred was in 1999. The next time this will occur will be in 2018, because February will have no full moon that year, according to UTC, which means that January and March will each have a calendar blue moon that year.
When there are thirteen moons in a year, twelve of them are given the twelve traditional names associated with that time of year (the names vary from culture to culture), and the extra one is termed a blue moon. Which of the thirteen moons is termed ‘blue’ depends on whether it is calculated by the old or the new method.
The months of the Gregorian calendar are all very close to the 29.5306-day period of the moon’s phases: the synodic month, or lunation. Most of the months are longer than this by one or two days, except February, which is the only month which cannot contain a calendar blue moon. Since February is one or two days shorter than the moon’s cycle, very occasionally it has no full moon – there is a full moon at the end of January, and the next one is at the beginning of March. What this means is that both January and March will have blue moons. This happens, on average, once every thirty-five years.
The previous calendar blue moon (based on UTC) was on June 30, 2007. The first full moon would have occurred on June 1, 2007. But that was May 31, 2007 in the Western Hemisphere making that full moon the second occurrence in May in the Western Hemisphere; see below); and the next calendar blue moon will be December 31, 2009.
Time zone problems
Occasionally whether a moon is called blue depends on the time zone. Any full moon occurs simultaneously everywhere, but at that moment clocks and calendars are not the same.
Example, when it is early evening on August 31 in Europe, it is already early morning September 1 in New Zealand. Hence, residents of London seeing a full moon when their clocks and calendar say it is August 31 would call what they see a calendar blue moon. People seeing the same full moon from Auckland would note by their clocks and calendar that it is the early morning of September 1, and they would not term it a blue moon. But they would probably have a calendar blue moon at the end of September, or perhaps October.
Because this is confusing, astronomers worldwide and the calendar makers who rely on them typically choose the time zone of the Royal Greenwich Observatory in the United Kingdom, known as Greenwich Mean Time, or the nearly identical UTC time zone. As a practical matter, because the moon seems to the casual viewer to be full for almost three days, the use of a foreign time zone for calendar markings for full moons makes little difference.
Blue Moons between 2004 and 2010
The following data is based on the Calendar and Farmers’ Almanac definitions.
August 2005 — Third full moon in a season of four full moons
June 2007 — has a second full moon falling on the 30th
May 2008 — Third full moon in a season of four full moons
November 2010 — Third full moon in a season of four full moons
○ Blue Moon (Elvis Presley)
○ Blue Moon of Kentucky (Elvis Presley) & (Apollo 11, Moonlanding-Footage, July 20th, 1969)
○ Blue moon, you saw me standin’ alone
Without a dream in my heart, without a love of my own
Blue moon, you knew just what I was there for
You heard me sayin’ a prayer for
Someone I really could care for
And then there suddenly appeared before me
The only one my arms will hold
I heard somebody whisper "please adore me"
And when I looked, the moon had turned to gold
Blue moon, now I’m no longer alone
Without a dream in my heart
Without a love of my own
Lorenz Hart, Richard Rodgers
○ Moon Gate: a circular gateway in a wall (chinese architecture);
○ One of the seven Doors of the ancient city of Thebes was called Moongate (–>Seven against Thebes, Aeschylus]
lunar of, determined by, or resembling the moon: a lunar landscape
LANDSCAPE all the visible features of an area of countryside or land, often considered in terms of their asthetic appeal: the soft colours of the Northumbrian l., a bleak urban landscape 2. wider than hig, contr. portrait verb: be landscaped (moonscaped)= improve (deteriorate) the aethetic appearence of (a piece of land) by changing its contours, adding ornamental features or planting trees and shrubs –> landscapist (–>moonscapist)
Lunarian (in science fiction) an imagined inhabitant of the moon
lune (lunette) = crescent shaped figure; lunula or lunule = white area at base of fingernail; BronzeAgeNecklace
lunatic fringe exreme or eccentric minority within society or group
─► STAR ◄─
it. stella; es. estrella; fr. étoile [googlish: ‘tenir le premier rôle’]; ru. звезды; de. Stern; ch. 明星; jp. 星; ko.별; ar. النجم
─► PLANET ◄─
fr. planète; ru. планета; jp. 惑星; ch. 星球; ar. الكوكب
─► SATELLITE ◄─
ru. спутник; es. satélite; de. Trabant;
ch. (simp.) 卫星; ch. (trad.) 衛星; jp. 衛星;ko.인공위성; ar. ساتل
─► EARTH ◄─
gr.γῆ,χώμα – arch.gr.χθών,χθονός poet. surface of the earth (rarely soil)
lt. tellus,terra | it.,pt. terra | fr. terre;es. tierra
ru. Земли, de. Erde arch.Nerthus (in a grove on an island)
ch.,jp. 地球 | ko. 지구 | ar. الأرض
▐►C H T H O N I A N S ◄▌ greek god(desse)s
■ χθόνιος in, under or beneath the earth II. sprung from the earth, Titans (Hesiod.Theogonia.697) 2. in or of the country; native S.OC948; S.Aj.202 III. of things, of the earth, Aeschylus.Septem contra Thebas.736
■ χθονία (‘Chthonίa’) Earlier name of γαῖα (‘Gaia’) Pherekydes. Syr.I,cf. Dam.Pr.124 [LSJ p.1991].
■ Χθόνεια,τά festival of Demeter and Persephone [LSJ p.1991].
■ χ. θεοί gods of the nether world opp. ypatoi (=superi), Aeschylus.Agamemnon.89
■ χ. θεαί, i.e. Demeter and Persephone, Herodot. 6.134, 7.153; of the Erinyes, Socphocles.OedipusColoneus 1568.
■ χ. Ἑκάτη (Hekátē, Hecate) Aristophanes Fragmenta 500
■ χ. poreia opp. ourania Plato.Respublica.619e
■ χ. phreni of the dead Pindar.Pythian Odes.5.101.
■ χ. Ερμής Hermes as conductor of the dead Aeschylus.Choephori.1, Sophocles. Electra.111
■ Ζεύς χ. of Jupiter Tonans, Hades-Pluto in Hesiod.Opera.465
▐►Χ θ ό ν ι α ι___θ ε α ί ◄▌ @ Aeschylus
▐► Χορός: ἀλλὰ σύ μοι Γᾶ τε καὶ ἄλλοι / χθονίων ἁγεμόνες / δαίμονα μεγαυχῆ / ἰόντ’ αἰνέσατ’ ἐκ δόμων, / Περσᾶν Σουσιγενῆ θεόν: / πέμπετε δ’ ἄνω οἷον οὔπω / Περσὶς αἶ’ ἐκάλυψεν.
Chorus: O Earth, and you other rulers of those who dwell in the nether world, ensure, I implore, that the glorious spirit, the god of the Persians, whom Susa bore, may quit his abode.  Send to the upper world him the likes of whom the Persian earth has never entombed (translated by Herbert Weir Smyth, Ph.D.). (Aeschylus Persians 641)
My Comment: γᾶ (GA) is Singualaris or Dualis.—>
The Chorus of Persian Loyals calls upon the Monade Earth (‘Gaia’). as Ph.D. H. W. Smyth translates for Perseus Tufts. But the Dyade of Demeter & Persephone can be meant – additionally!
▐► Ἠλέκτρα: καί πότ’ ἂν ἀμφιθαλὴς / Ζεὺς ἐπὶ χεῖρα βάλοι, / φεῦ φεῦ, κάρανα δαί̈ξας; / πιστὰ γένοιτο χώρᾳ. / δίκαν δ’ ἐξ ἀδίκων ἀπαιτῶ. / κλῦτε δὲ Γᾶ χθονίων τε τιμαί.
Electra: And when will mighty Zeus bring down his hand on them  and split their heads open? Let it be a pledge to the land! After injustice I demand justice as my right. Hear, O Earth, and you honored powers below! (translated by Herbert Weir Smyth, Ph.D.). (Aeschylus.Libation Bearers 399)
πρῶτον μὲν εὐχῇ τῇδε πρεσβεύω θεῶν
τὴν πρωτόμαντιν Γαῖαν: ἐκ δὲ τῆς Θέμιν,
ἣ δὴ τὸ μητρὸς δευτέρα τόδ’ ἕζετο
μαντεῖον, ὡς λόγος τις: ἐν δὲ τῷ τρίτῳ
λάχει, θελούσης, οὐδὲ πρὸς βίαν τινός,
Τιτανὶς ἄλλη παῖς Χθονὸς καθέζετο,
Φοίβη: δίδωσι δ’ ἣ γενέθλιον δόσιν
Φοίβῳ: τὸ Φοίβης δ’ ὄνομ’ ἔχει παρώνυμον.
My comment : Heirs of the oracle: Gaia, Themis , (Demeter & Persephone), Phoebe & Phoebus.
In her prologue of the Eumenides the Pythia – ‘unconsciously’ – reveals the unutterable, nevertheless conspicuous CRUEL MYSTERY of the Oracle of Delphi: Phoebe & Phoebus have once ousted (and silenced) Demeter & Persephone by force (ἣ δὴ τὸ μητρὸς … πρὸς βίαν ). The telluric-matriarchal Mother&Daughter-Succession, Demeter → Persephone, was replaced by the solaric-patriarchal Grandmother → Grandson-Succession, Phoebe → Phoebus.
○ Demeter : earth, dark (‘daemonized’) side of the sun.
○ Persephone (lt. Proserpina): daughter of Zeus and Demeter. under-earth(⅓) & vegetation(⅔ ), dark (‘daemonized’) side of the moon. Was carried off by Hades and made queen of the underworld. Demeter vainly seeking her, refused to let the earth produce its fruits until her daughter was restored to her, but because Persephone had eaten som pomegranade seeds in the other world, she was obliged to spend part of every year there.
○ Phoebe: a Titaness born by Uranus and Gaia, mother of Leto (–> Apollo & Artemis). Later Greek writers identify her with Selene and even Isis, CIG4987 (Ethiopia)’ [LSJ p.1947], bright side of the moon.
○ Phoebus-Apollo: Horus, bright side of the sun.
○ Pythia: the priestess of Apollo in Delphi – Origin from Pythô, a former name of Delphi.
○ Hades (also called Pluto): the underworld, the abode of the spirits of the dead
Hekate , or Hekat (lt. Trivia), was originally a goddess of the wilderness and childbirth, naturalized early in Thrace, but originating among the Carians of Anatolia, the only region where theophoric names are attested, and where Hekate remained a great goddess into historical times, at Lagina. The monuments to Hekate in Phrygia and Caria are numerous but of late date. Popular cults venerating her as a mother goddess integrated her persona into Greek culture as Ἑκάτη. In Ptolemaic Alexandria she ultimately achieved her connotations as a goddess of sorcery and her role as the "Queen of Ghosts", in which guise she was transmitted to post-Renaissance culture. Today she is often seen as a goddess of witchcraft and Wicca. One aspect of Hecate is represented in the Roman Trivia.
○ ○ lt. Trivia: Godess of the moon @ three-way crossroads –> lacus Triviae=sea of Diana=Lago di Nemi (V.) – adripere maledictum ex trivio
Unusual Trivia CollectionSuperstitions: old wives tales, folklore, bizarre beliefs, taboos, omens, lucky & unlucky things
Hekate: magic, witchcraft, the night, moon, ghosts, necromancy. …
Hekate assisted Demeter in her search for Persephone, guiding her through the night with flaming torches. After the mother-daughter reunion became she Persephone’s minister and companion in Hades.
Two metamorphosis myths describe the origins of her animal familiars: the black she-dog and the polecat (a mustelid house pet kept to hunt vermin). The bitch was originally the Trojan Queen Hekabe, who leapt into the sea after the fall of Troy and was transformed by the goddess into her familiar. The polecat was originally the witch Gale who was transformed into the beast to punish her for her incontinence. Other say it was Galinthias, the nurse of Alkmene, transformed by the angry Eileithyia, but received by Hekate as her animal.
Ἑκάτη (Hekátē) Hecate she who works her will, Hes.Th.411;
Ἕκατos epith. of Apollo. Il.7.83, 20.295; Ἑκάτη epith. of Artemis, Aeschylus.Supplici.767 (lyr.), CORN.ND32.; χ. Ἑκάτη Aristophanes Fragmenta 500;
II. Ἑκάτηs δεῖπνον Hecate’s dinner, a meal set out by rich persons at the foot of her statue on the 30th day of each month (cf. 30th April = Walpurgis-Night, ‘Hexennacht’ on Blocksberg [Brocken: highest peak in the Hartz-Mountains –> Brocken spectre (‘Brockengespenst’, often surrounded by the glowing halo-like rings of a glory, described by Johann Silberschlag in 1780 as an optical illusion)). … Curiously Adolf Hitler, with several members of his staff (including Joseph Goebbels), committed suicide in the Walpurgisnight, April 30/May 1, 1945), when it became a dole for beggars and paupers, Ar.Pl.594, hence as it consisted of offal, Ἑκαταῖα κατεσθίειν Ekataia katesthieein, of rapscallion D.54.39, cf. Luc.D.Mort 1.1.
τὸ γὰρ ἀντιλέγειν τολμᾶν ὑμᾶς ὡς οὐ πάντ’ ἔστ’ ἀγάθ’ ὑμῖν
διὰ τὴν Πενίαν.
παρὰ τῆς Ἑκάτης ἔξεστιν τοῦτο πυθέσθαι,
εἴτε τὸ πλουτεῖν εἴτε τὸ πεινῆν βέλτιον. φησὶ γὰρ αὕτη
τοὺς μὲν ἔχοντας καὶ πλουτοῦντας δεῖπνον κατὰ μῆν’ ἀποπέμπειν,
τοὺς δὲ πένητας τῶν ἀνθρώπων ἁρπάζειν πρὶν καταθεῖναι.
ἀλλὰ φθείρου καὶ μὴ γρύξῃς ἔτι μηδ’ ὁτιοῦν.
οὐ γὰρ πείσεις, οὐδ’ ἢν πείσῃς.
Thus you dare to maintain that Poverty is not the fount of all blessings!
Ask Hecate  whether it is better to be rich or starving; she will tell you that the rich send her a meal every month and that the poor make it disappear before it is even served. But go and hang yourself and don’t breathe another syllable.  I will not be convinced against my will…
Ἑκάταιον (Hekataion) or Ἑκάτειον (Hekateion), τό, statue or dedication stone (Calvet Collection. This stone-shrine contains two iconized ornamental stars, ‘asterisks‘, starlets amazingly similar to japanese maple leaves) of Hecate, placed at the entrance of houses or where three roads meet. These shrines dedicated to Hekate were invented by Alcamene as Pausanias remarks(2,30,2.). An epigonal Roman Hecateion of the 2nd BC stands in the Metropolitan Museum, a triple-bodied Hekate, resembling Alkamene’s Hekate Epipyrgidia, which was erected around 425 BC on the Athena Nike bastion to guard the entrance of the Akropolis. Alkamene’s statue was one of the earliest representations of the retrospective style known as archaistic, which imitated the stiff, linear quality of drapery that marked works of the sixth BC The three figures of the goddess also wear poloi, cylindrical headdresses often associated with female deities of rebirth.
Ar. l.c. Ra.366 cf. Hsch.
ἢ χρήματα ταῖς τῶν ἀντιπάλων ναυσὶν παρέχειν τινὰ πείθει,
ἢ κατατιλᾷ τῶν Ἑκαταίων κυκλίοισι χοροῖσιν ὑπᾴδων,
ἢ τοὺς μισθοὺς τῶν ποιητῶν ῥήτωρ ὢν εἶτ’ ἀποτρώγει,
Or persuades anyone to send supplies to the enemies’ ships,
Or defiles Hecate’s shrine, while singing dithyrambs,
Or any politician who bites off the pay of the poets
By quapan on 2007-04-03 09:55:38